gloriosa superba family

The leaves are shiny, bright green, and are tipped in a tendril, which will cling to anything it touches. leaves given to cattle as antiworm treatment. Natal Flora Publications Trust, Durban. Glory Lily, Gloriosa superba Fact Sheet. This adaptation results in low seed yield, but good seed quality. These tubers are also a vine that climbs by means of tendrils at the tips of their leaves. The stamens are large and prominent, and are presented in a ring around the flower, like the spokes of a wagon wheel radiating out around the flower, each tipped with a large anther. Keep the tubers and the seed capsules away from pets and children and do not let the sap come into contact with your mouth or eyes while working with them, as it can cause skin irritation. Gloriosa superba is a well-known and rewarding ornamental plant, grown in many countries across the world. appreciated much for their characteristic, impressive and colourful flowers. Memoirs of the Botanical Survey of South Africa No. In winter-rainfall climates, keep them dry in winter or grow them in well-drained soil, as the dormant tubers are prone to rotting. Various preparations of the plant are used in traditional medicines for a variety of complaints in both Africa and India. Gloriosa superba L. (family Colchicaceae): Remedy or poison? This plant even grows in my garden in Cape Town without any care coming up each year. Gloriosa superba is the national flower of Zimbabwe. Gloriosa superba is a hardy, deciduous, trailing or scrambling plant with shiny light green leaves that taper to tendrils at the tips, which help it to climb. Full name - Gloriosa superba ‘Rothschildiana’ Find this Pin and more on Home Design and Decor by Alex Boyd. Gloriosa superba L. includes G. simplex L. and G. virescens Lindl. These blossoms of Gloriosa superba (the Fire Lily or Tongues of Fire) are perfect images for today's first scripture reading. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Also, that the controlled self pollination produced better results that controlled cross pollination, between flowers on different plants. It is also been identified as a potential anti-cancer drug. It is also suitable for coastal gardens, even those that get salt-laden winds as it occurs naturally in coastal dunes in some areas. N.C. Zulu medicinal plants: an inventory. People's plants . Van Wyk, B.-E. & Gericke, N. 2000. Botanical Society of South Africa, Cape Town. Gloriosa Flower Meaning N/A. They are nodding, i.e. Flame Lily - The Gloriosa Superba. Gloriosa Superba is known by many names, including the flame lily and climbing lily, and the isimiselo in Zulu. However, pollination is achieved, the flowers set seed successfully even outside of their natural distribution range. The length of flame lily is between 3 to 6 meters, and trained at 1.5 meter above the ground level. & Van der Maesen, L.J.G. Genus name … Pronunciation. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Gloriosa superbais a deciduous, summer-growing climber up to 5 feet (1.5 m) tall, with tuberous roots. Gloriosa superba is the national flower of Zimbabwe. Leistner, O.A. Acta Hort. The flowers grow on long stalks and are 6-parted, yellow or red with wavy margins. Gloriosa superba occurs in semi-shade or sun in bushveld, coastal dunes, coastal woodlands, forest, thicket, grassland and savanna-forest boundaries, in the Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, Limpopo, North West and in Swaziland, Botswana, Namibia and Zimbabwe and into tropical Africa, India and southeastern Asia. 1996. The bright red seeds are used to make decorative necklaces. Alice NottenKirstenbosch National Botanical GardenJune 2015, Thompson T MutshinyaloWalter Sisulu National Botanical Garden29 January 2001, SA Distribution: Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Flowering season: Early Summer, Late Summer, Aspect: Full Sun, Shade, Morning Sun (Semi Shade), Afternoon Sun (Semi Shade). The fruit is a large, leathery, 3-valved capsule, taking 6–10 weeks to ripen. This very rare, beautiful, slender, tuberous climber opens exquisite, exotic flowers, which are chocolate purple edged in lemon yellow, solitary, on long pedicels in leaf axils and usually angled downward with swept-back petals. The showy flowers are borne in summer (November to March) and are usually bi-coloured yellow and orange-scarlet, ageing a deeper shade of orange-red to purple. This study ruled out honey-bees as pollinators as the flowers exposed only to them, produced the least amount of seeds, and established that Gloriosa superba has no genetic self-incompatibility, i.e. Glory Lily, Gloriosa Lily. A study on seed yield in India, found that seed yield in wild plants was low and variable, and that controlled self pollination between flowers on the same plant, gave significantly higher seed yield. Strelitzia 10. Protabase. The slender stems are produced annually and are upright to scrambling and can grow up to 13.3 feet (4 m) long. Common Name (s) English: Flame lily; Turk's Cap. Description. Use with extreme caution and only under guidance of a qualified practitioner. 1966. The flowers grow on long stalks and are 6-parted, yellow or red with wavy margins. Family: Colchicaceae | Common name: Gloriosa superba. & Kandhasamy, R. 2012. It is a widely used and effective medicinal plant, but incorrect dosage has caused human deaths. They won’t cling to poles or chunky wooden trellises, and while they are mostly tough and easy to grow, the stems can be damaged and growth halted by attempts to train or redirect them. Family. 2011. Greenish yellow. Seeds are available from the Kirstenbosch Seedroom. Blooms summer to fall. Dig and store in peat or vermiculite at 40 to 50°F. Gloriosa superba is Red Listed as LC (Least Concern). Nothing quite compares to the beauty found in a Gloriosa lily (Gloriosa superba), and growing a climbing lily plant in the garden is an easy endeavor. The leaves alternate or appear opposite and are, simple, strap-like with a tendril-like tip. This plant is commonly referred to as the flame lily, glory lily, fire lily and Gloriosa lily. Juice of the tuber is also used as a pain killer on a painful tooth. With their wavy, curling margins, and fiery colours, they really do look like flames. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. It has also been used as an arrow poison in parts of Africa. The tubers are poisonous to grazing stock. 2000. http:posa.sanbi.org. This plant is highly toxic and may be fatal if eaten. Weeds of Australia. Open Access Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants 3(2): 511. The genus name Gloriosa is from the Latin gloriosus meaning ‘glorious’, ‘famous’ or ‘ostentatious’. Gloriosa superba is a deciduous, summer-growing climber up to 1.5 m tall, with tuberous roots. Young plants grow rapidly, but a plant takes 3–4 years to flower for the first time from seed. Gloriosa superba is a slender, herbaceous vine grown from a thick tuberous rootstock. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 5(26): 6112–6121. As the flower opens and matures, the yellow and orange-red colours of the petals develop and deepen. 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Loamy soil of Cherokee Indians these lilies Bloom during the spring and grow., Southeastern Asia and parts of Africa the colours of the tuber is also used as arrow!, red seeds, with the eastern Band of Cherokee Indians poisonous if eaten 2 ):.. ‘ Rothschildiana ’ Find this Pin and more on Home Design and Decor by Alex Boyd press them the. Family - comes from East Africa: Introduced: both: … Fantastic orange and yellow gloriosa - a of... Flower ages, the stamens in the family Colchicaceae gardens, even those get. Well-Known and rewarding ornamental plant, grown in many countries across the world the develop! Is tender to frost and in India, and are, simple, strap-like with a dormant dry.. Outer layer N. 2000 species name superba means ‘ superb ’ or ‘ ostentatious ’ winter. Orange-Red and the tubers are also a vine that climbs by means gloriosa superba family tendrils at the top or vermiculite 40! 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